[sketchbook pages]

Four pages torn from sketchbook with 20 spirals.

Page 1: inscribed page, three cows in profile with left flank to viewer, under central tree with three-barred fence to right.

Page 2: three cows under tree at various angles to viewer.

Page 3: central cow profile showing right flank head turned to viewer. Cow, less distinct, at right.

Page 4: rural landscape occupying most of the page. Two trees at centre.

c. 1935
Object type
Medium and materials
pencil on paper
Place Made

Page 1 LL pencil Saint Michael sur Orge

Page 1 LR Helen Scales, 193 – 35

Page 1 LR 1965 (crossed out by artist)


Donated to the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand by H. F. V. Scales, 1979

Condition Report

Four pages torn from a top spiral-bound sketchbook, 20 spirals

Copyright Licence
Courtesy Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Reference no. FS ms papers 1893
Current Collection

Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand

Current Location

Wellington, New Zealand

General notes

The location of the inscribed page is Saint-Michel-sur-Orge, Essone, Paris, France.

These animal studies show an assimilation of the academic study of anatomy absorbed at the W. Frank Calderon School of Animal Painting, London, England, which Scales attended 1908-1912, and her later use of simplified forms.